• Key Excerpts
  • VIE Structure
  • VIE Risks
  • VIE Revenue
  1. Mr. Sheng Chen and Mr. Jun Zhang, our co-founders, hold 70% and 30% of the equity interests in 21Vianet Technology, respectively, and are parties to the contractual agreements through which we conduct our operations in China.
  2. Mr. Sheng Chen and Mr. Jun Zhang, our co-founders, hold 95% and 5% of the equity interests in WiFire Network, respectively, and are parties to the contractual agreements through which we conduct our operations in China.
  3. Mr. Yang Peng holds 100% of the equity interests in BJ iJoy and is a party to the contractual agreements through which we conduct our operations in China.

Key excerpts from filing(s) - related to VIEs

The PRC government regulates telecommunications-related businesses through strict business licensing requirements and other government regulations. These laws and regulations also include limitations on foreign ownership of PRC companies that engage in telecommunications-related businesses. Specifically, foreign investors are not allowed to own more than a 50% equity interest in any PRC company engaging in value-added telecommunications businesses (except operational e-commerce), and the major foreign investor of a telecommunication business in China must also have experience and a sound track record in providing value-added telecommunications services overseas.
Because we are a Cayman Islands company, we are classified as a foreign enterprise under PRC laws and regulations, and our wholly-owned PRC subsidiaries, 21Vianet Data Center Co., Ltd., or 21Vianet China, Joytone Infotech Co., Ltd., or SZ Zhuoaiyi, and Abitcool (China) Broadband Inc., or aBitCool DG, are foreign-invested enterprises, or FIEs
To comply with PRC laws and regulations, we conduct our business in China through contractual arrangements with our variable interest entities and their shareholders.
Most of our revenues are attributed to our consolidated affiliated entities.
These contractual arrangements may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing us with control over our variable interest entities. If our variable interest entities or their shareholders fail to perform their respective obligations under these contractual arrangements, our recourse to the assets held by our consolidated affiliated entities is indirect and we may have to incur substantial costs and expend significant resources to enforce such arrangements in reliance on legal remedies under PRC law.
In particular, 21Vianet Technology is 70% owned by Mr. Sheng Chen, our executive chairman and 30% owned by Mr. Jun Zhang, our co-founder. Mr. Sheng Chen and Mr. Jun Zhang are also the ultimate shareholders of our company. The interests of Mr. Sheng Chen and Mr. Jun Zhang as the shareholders of 21Vianet Technology may differ from the interests of our company as a whole, as what is in the best interests of 21Vianet Technology may not be in the best interests of our company.

Risks identified in filing(s) - related to VIEs

If the PRC government finds that the arrangements that establish the structure for operating our business do not comply with PRC government restrictions on foreign investment in the telecommunications business or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations.
Our contractual arrangements with our variable interest entities may result in adverse tax consequences to us.
We rely on contractual arrangements with our variable interest entities and their shareholders for our China operations, which may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing operational control.
The shareholders of our variable interest entities may have potential conflicts of interest with us, which may materially and adversely affect our business and financial condition.
Year Total Revenue VIEs Revenue Contribution of VIEs %
RMB (in millions)
2014 2,876 2,695 93.71%
2015 3,634 3,067 84.40%
2016 3,642 2,938 80.67%

Ownership and Voting power details

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